Imagine, hackers are not shady figures, hoodie or corrupt. Do you find it hard to imagine in this way? Of course guys! It’s very hard even to imagine hackers as virtuous people, however, they’re not. Why would you like someone who intrudes into your system and exploit your important data and misuse it? None of us will like. Nevertheless, let me tell you that not all hackers are malicious. There are some hackers who are working for the well-being of humanity under the canopy of “ethical hacking”.
The purpose of this guide is to make you aware of the concept of ethical hacking. Make sure you read the article till the end. Now, let’s get started.
What does the term ethical hacking mean?
We all know that hacking is illegal and can lead to extreme consequences if you’re caught in the act. People are also sentenced to years of imprisonment because of hacking. However, hacking can be legal if done with permission. Many companies, govt. institutes, CBI, etc. often hire computer experts to hack into their system to find malicious files, vulnerabilities, and weak endpoints so that they can be fixed on time.
In addition, this kind of hacking is a precautionary measure against authorized hackers who have malicious intent. Such hackers, who hack into a system with permission, without any malicious intent, are known as ethical hackers and the procedure of doing legal hacking is known as ethical hacking.
Let’s know the purpose of ethical hacking
As I told you above that ethical hacking is a legal hacking so the purpose of doing this is almost crystal clear. Still, let me tell you, the purpose of ethical hacking is to enhance the security of the network or systems by fixing the vulnerabilities found during testing.
Therefore, ethical hackers also utilize the same methods and tools that are used by malicious hackers. Here, ethical hackers take the permission of an authorized person for the purpose of upgrading or improving the security or defending the systems from attacks by malicious hackers or users.
Generally, ethical hackers are accountable to report all the vulnerabilities and weaknesses found during the process to the management or higher authority.
Now see the different phrases of ethical hacking
Like every course out there, ethical hacking is also divided into 6 parts. These phrases are not strict rules, but you can consider them more like guideline rules which have to be followed.
This is the first process that involves collecting information. Here, Hackers collect all the relevant information regarding the target system. Such information includes detecting service, operating systems, IP configuration, etc. also tools like Hiping, Nmap, Google Dorks, etc. are used here.
After collecting all the information now the hacker has to scan all the data to see what the vulnerabilities that can be exploited are. Nexpose and NMAP are tools that are widely used in this process.
– Gaining Access
Whatever vulnerabilities are located in scanning is exploited here. Hackers use many methods to enter into the targeted system without raising any alarms. The primary tool is used here is Metasploit.
– Maintaining access
This is the crucial process because here hackers install many backdoors and payloads onto the target system. Let me tell you that playload term is used for activities performed on a system after gaining unauthorized access. And backdoors help the hackers’ quicker access onto the target system in the future.
– Clearing cracks
This is an unethical activity. Here all the logs of the activities which take place during the hacking process are removed. Ethical hackers perform this task just to show how a black hat hacker would do his activities.
This is the final process of ethical hacking. Here ethical hacker makes a report whatever info he found, the tools used, the success rate, malicious content found, and exploit processes.
Want to become an ethical hacker?
Folks, we know that hacking is not at all a good work as it is considered as illegal, but legal hacking also does exist as I discussed in this article. Ethical hacking is an authorized way of driving info about the malicious or corrupt report in systems. It is a good way of doing something for the betterment of the society. So, you are interested in hacking and want to be successful in this field. You can surely become a good ethical hacker but make sure you only do legal or authorized hacking.
I hope this article helped you to understand the concept of ethical hacking. If you want to know more about it then kindly get in touch with us Till then keep reading.